Chola dynasty Schools Wikipedia Selection. The dynasty originated in the fertile valley of the Kaveri River. The Cholas were at the height of their power during the tenth, eleventh and twelfth centuries.
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The Chola dynasty was a Tamil thalassocratic empire of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world's history. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam , along with the Chera and Pandya , the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE. Despite these ancient origins, the period when it is appropriate to speak of a "Chola Empire" only begins with the medieval Cholas in the mid-9th century CE. The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River , but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half of the 9th century till the beginning of the 13th century. The whole country south of the Tungabhadra was united and held as one state for a period of three centuries and more between and AD.
Nobody knows exactly when the first Chola kings took power in the southern point of India , but certainly, the Chola Dynasty was established by the third century BCE, because they are mentioned in one of Ashoka the Great's stelae. The Cholas ruled for more than 1, years, making them one of the longest-ruling families in human history, if not the longest. It took key maritime trading posts from the Srivijaya Empire in what is now Indonesia , enabling a rich cultural transfusion in both directions, and sent diplomatic and trading missions to China's Song Dynasty - CE. The origins of the Chola Dynasty are lost to history. The ruling family came from the Tamil ethnic group. Around the year CE, the Pallava and Pandya Kingdoms spread their influence over most of the Tamil heartlands of southern India, and the Cholas went into a decline. When war broke out between the Pallava and Pandya kingdoms in about CE, the Cholas seized their chance.
Chola dynasty , Chola also spelled Cola , South Indian Tamil rulers of unknown antiquity, antedating the early Sangam poems c. The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri Cauvery River valley. Uraiyur now Tiruchchirappalli was its oldest capital. The legendary King Karikan was the common ancestor through whom small Deccan and Andhra families called Chola or Coda claimed a connection with the Uraiyur family. The Chola country Coromandel stretched from the Vaigai River in the south to Tondaimandalam, the capital of which was Kanci now Kanchipuram , in the north. Much of Tamil classical literature and the greater Tamil architectural monuments belong to the Sangam period, which also saw a revival of Shaivism worship of the god Shiva and the development of southern Vaishnavism worship of the god Vishnu. Revenue administration, village self-government, and irrigation were highly organized under the Cholas. Chola kings and emperors bore the titles Parakesharivarman and Rajakesharivarman, alternately. Their chronology is difficult. Vijayalaya reigned c.